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Fatal condition spreading through US deer
CWD is a neurological condition that affects deer, moose and elk.

Disease comparable to BSE in cattle

A fatal condition comparable to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle is spreading through deer in the United States.

Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) has so far been identified in 25 states. Most cases have been identified in the Midwest and Rocky Mountains, but some have been confirmed as far east as New York.

Speaking to United Press International, Lou Cornicelli from the Minnesota Division of Fish and Wildlife said: “States are in all various stages of infection.

“We try to contain it, but it is tough to categorise if you’re being successful. Mostly it’s just trying to limit its spread.”

CWD is a neurological condition that affects deer, moose and elk. It causes spongy degeneration of the brains of infected animals, leading to emaciation, disorientation and death.

While It is not yet known how CWD spreads, researchers believe the agent may pass through the bodily fluids of infected animals.

CWD is included in a group diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) or prion diseases. Inside this group are other variants that affect domestic animals, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle and scrapie in domestic sheep.

It is this link to BSE that has sparked fears that CWD could become transmissible to humans.

While there have been no confirmed cases of this happening, there is evidence to indicate it might be possible. Two years ago, researchers in Canada were able to infect macaque monkeys - our closest relative - with CWD by feeding them infected deer meat.

As a precautionary measure, health and wildlife officials have encouraged hunters not to eat meat from infected animals and to take common sense precautions when harvesting deer or elk from infected areas.


Culling is currently the only way to kill the infected animals. Minnesota is culling hundreds of deer in areas where the disease has been identified and Illinois is holding a special deer season in infected zones.

“We’ve been really aggressive,” Cornicelli told UPI. “But we still don’t know what the next five years will bring.”

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Huge spike in ‘designer’ dogs going into rescue

News Story 1
 The RSPCA has reported a huge spike in the number of ‘designer’ dogs arriving into its care.

Figures published by the charity show there has been a 517 per cent increase in the number of French bulldogs arriving into its kennels. During that time, the charity has also seen an increase in dachshunds, chihuahuas, and crossbreeds.

RSPCA dog welfare expert Lisa Hens said: “We know that the breeds of dog coming into our care often reflect the trends in dog ownership in the wider world and, at the moment, it doesn’t get more trendy than ‘designer’ dogs like French bulldogs and Dachshunds."

 

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New shearing guidance for farmers and contractors

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The guidance includes every step - from the presentation of sheep and facilities for shearing, through to using a contractor and shearers - and aims to ensure shearing is carried out safely, efficiently and with high standards of animal welfare.

Guide co-author Jill Hewitt from the NAAC said: “Shearing is a professional job that takes significant skill. Shearers take their responsibility to protect animal welfare very seriously and it will be a positive step to remind everyone of the importance of working together.’