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UK universities publish animal research figures
Over 99 per cent of procedures involved rodents or fish.

Institutions publish figures as part of openness pledge
 
Ten universities collectively carried out a third of all UK animal research last year, according to new figures published as part of an ongoing commitment to greater openness.

Between them, the institutions conduct more than two thirds of all animal research at UK universities, equating to a total of 1.4 million procedures. Over 99 per cent of these involved rodents or fish and were almost evenly divided between experimental work and the breeding of genetically modified animals.

This is the second year in a row that universities have published numbers and examples of their research. All 10 are signatories to the Concordat on Openness in Animal Research in the UK, which is a commitment to be more open about the use of animals in UK research. In total, 115 organisations have signed it.

 

University Total procedures
University of Oxford 217,765
University College London 203,744
University of Edinburgh 203,285
University of Manchester 174,120
University of Cambridge 155,394
King's College London 155,058
Imperial College London 101,369
University of Sheffield 83,130
University of Birmingham 54,728
University of Glasgow 50,566



Wendy Jarrett, chief executive of Understanding Animal Research, which developed the concordat, said: “The Concordat has fostered a culture of openness at research institutions up and down the country. Institutions now provide an unprecedented level of information about how and why they conduct medical, veterinary and scientific research using animals.

“Almost two-thirds of the university Concordat signatories provide their animal numbers openly on their website – accounting for almost 90 per cent of all animal research at UK universities.

“All universities are committed to the ‘3Rs’ - replacement, reduction and refinement - which means avoiding or replacing the use of animals in research where possible, using minimal animals per experiment and minimising suffering.

Dr Martin Vinnell of the University of Cambridge added: “All of us involved in biomedical research believe it is vital that we are completely open about our use of animals and that is why we are joining the UK’s other leading research universities in collectively releasing our statistics, in addition to our other efforts in support of transparency as part of the Concordat on the Declaration of Openness.

"Although the use of animals continues to contribute to our understanding of health and disease and in the development of medical treatments, medicines and surgical techniques that we take for granted, there must be no complacency in our shared goal of replacement, reduction and refinement of the use of animals. At the same time, the welfare of animals has to be paramount.”

 

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Amur leopard cubs caught on camera

News Story 1
 A pair of Amur leopards have been captured on camera for the first time since their birth. The Royal Zoological Society of Scotland announced the birth in July, but with human presence being kept to a minimum, it was not known how many cubs had been born.

Motion sensitive cameras have now revealed that two cubs emerged from the den - at least one of which may be released into the wild in Russia within the next two or three years. The Amur leopard habitat is not open to the public, to help ensure the cubs retain their wild instincts and behaviour. Image © RZSS 

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News Shorts
New canine and feline dentistry manual announced

A new canine and feline dentistry and oral surgery manual has been published by the BSAVA. Announcing the news on its website, the BSAVA said this latest edition contains new step-by-step operative techniques, together with full-colour illustrations and photographs.

‘This is a timely publication; veterinary dentistry is a field that continues to grow in importance for the general veterinary practitioner,’ the BSAVA said. ‘The manual has been fully revised and updated to include the most relevant, evidence-based techniques.’

The BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Dentistry and Oral Surgery, 4th edition is available to purchase from www.bsava.com/shop