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New insights into antibiotic resistance in pigs
Information on the development of resistance in E.coli in relation to antibiotic treatments in commercial pigs is scarce.
Researchers assess resistance to E.coli in relation to antibiotic treatments

A study has revealed new insights into the development and persistence of antibiotic resistance in pigs.

Writing in the journal Preventative Veterinary Medicine, researchers describe an assessment of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli (E.coli) isolated from pigs during their lifespan.

Between 2014 and 2016, the team followed 406 pigs from 29 commercial breeding herds from birth to slaughter and documented their antibiotic treatments. They collected faecal samples from the pigs once while suckling, once after weaning and three times during fattening. They also collected faecal samples from the pigs’ dams around the time of farrowing.

Researchers found that 264 animals from 19 breeding herds were treated with an antibiotic at least once in their lifetime (65 per cent). Beta-lactams, tetracyclines and colistin were the antibiotics used most frequently. They also found that resistance was higher for beta-lactam, tetracyclines or macrolide-treated pigs, compared to animals that had not received treatment.

In pigs not treated with the respective antibiotics, the probability of isolates being resistant to ampicillin, tetracycline or azithromycin changed significantly over time, the authors note, with the probability increasing at weaning.

In European countries, 88 per cent of pigs are treated with antibiotics at least once during their lifetime. But information on the development of resistance in E.coli in relation to antibiotic treatments in commercial pigs is scarce.

‘Reducing antibiotic resistance in sows might lead to a lower level of beta-lactam or macrolide-resistant E. coli among their progeny,’ the authors conclude. ‘To preserve treatment options for bacterial infections, antibiotic use should be restricted to necessary cases.’

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Registrations open for overseas veterinary professionals course

News Story 1
 Registrations are now open for the RCVS CPD course for overseas veterinary professionals, which covers an introduction to the UK veterinary professions.

The course is aimed at overseas-qualified veterinary surgeons and nurses during their first two years of working in the UK, in addition to those considering working here. It provides graduates with the key information and skills required to practice in the UK, as well as helping them understand their legal duties as veterinary professionals.

For more information and to book your place please click here. The course will be held at Belgravia House, London, on Wednesday 12 June.  

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News Shorts
BVA launches award to celebrate young vets

A new award has been launched to celebrate inspirational young vets who are making a difference in their day to day work.

Nominations are now open for the BVA Young Vet of the Year Award, which is the first of its kind. It is open to all vets registered with the RCVS in the first eight years of their careers, working in any veterinary sphere, including clinical practice, research, education or veterinary politics. Organisers are looking for an ‘exceptional young vet’ whose work has benefitted the veterinary community or the workplace.

The awards are open for self-entry and nominations by 1 August 2019. The winner will be announced at London Vet Show on 14 November 2019, where a £1000 cash prize will be awarded, alongside a ‘career enhancing experience’ with Zoetis.