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Gene mutation causes sight loss in dogs and humans
In healthy dogs, ABCA4 plays a vital role in the normal visual cycle when light hits the eye.
Study finds ABCA4 mutation causes retinal degenerative diseases 

Scientists have identified a genetic mutation that causes retinal degenerative diseases in both humans and dogs.

In children and young adults, Stargardt disease is one of the most common types of inherited retinal degenerative disease. Now, an international research team has found that a mutation in the ABCA4 gene causes a similar disease in Labrador retrievers.

Published in PLOS Genetics, the findings could help to breed healthy dogs and develop novel treatment for human patients.

Labradors can suffer from inherited conditions such as progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), which is caused by the degeneration of photoreceptor cells. In humans, this is called retinitis pigmentosa (RP).

Until now, only one mutation in the PRCD gene had been found to cause inherited retinal degeneration in Labradors. But 10 years ago a dog was found to have visual impairment not caused by the previously known mutation.

In healthy dogs, ABCA4 plays a vital role in the normal visual cycle when light hits the eye. According to the new findings, dogs affected by the mutation cannot produce a functional ABCA4 protein. Toxic byproducts produced when the photoreceptors detect light cause cell death and lead to visual impairment.

Mutations in the ABCA4 gene are the major case of Stargardt disease in humans, which affects around one in 8,000-10,000 children and young adults. Scientists say disease progression appears to be similar in Labradors.

Study director Tomas Bergström said: “We hope that the results of this study will not only support breeding of healthy dogs, but also enhance the development of new treatments for children and young adults with Stargardt disease.”

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Face covering rules expanded

News Story 1
 New rules came into force in England on Saturday (8 August) making it mandatory for clients to wear a face covering in veterinary practices.

The rules, which also apply to cinemas, museums and places of worship, follow a recent spike in coronavirus cases. All clients in England must now wear a face covering when inside a veterinary practice unless they are exempt for age, health or equality reasons. 

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News Shorts
BSAVA webinars to shine the spotlight on selected journal papers

A free series of webinars that take a closer look at selected papers published in the Journal of Small Animal Practice has been produced by the BSAVA.

In the new BSAVA Science webinar series, authors of the featured papers discuss their results with a panel and how they may impact clinical practice. The authors then answer questions submitted by audience members.

The webinars are available via the BSAVA Webinar Library, covering four different papers. JSAP editor Nicola Di Girolamo, said: "Discussing the research with the authors - experts in their field - really helps to bring the papers to life."