Cookie use on MRCVSonline
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive all cookies.
If you would like to forward this story on to a friend, simply fill in the form below and click send.

Your friend's email:
Your email:
Your name:
 
 
Send Cancel

Possible link between ‘grain-free’ diets and DCM
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is investigating a possible link with certain pet foods.

BVA urges caution in choosing these diets for pets 

The BVA has recommended caution in choosing grain-free diets for pets, amid ongoing concerns that they could be linked with canine dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in the US.

In recent years, there have been reports of DCM in dog breeds that are not typically affected by the disease. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is investigating a possible link with certain pet foods that contain legume seeds such as peas and lentils, or potatoes, as their main ingredients.

According to the latest FDA figures, there were 515 reports of DCM in dogs and nine in cats between January 2014 and July 2018. Some cases involved more than one pet from the same household, so the total number of cases is higher. The majority of these reports were made after the FDA first issued a warning about DCM and pet foods in July last year.

In cases where affected dogs were fed a single primary diet, 90 per cent of owners reported feeding their pet a grain-free diet. Around 10 per cent fed a diet that contained grains, some of which were vegan or vegetarian. Diets included commercially available kibble, canned and raw food and home-cooked meals.

Four cases reported to the FDA involved three golden retrievers and one Labrador, which were found to have low whole blood levels of the amino acid taurine. Taurine deficiency is well-documented as a potential cause of DCM. Four other cases, however, had normal blood levels of taurine.

While the FDA continues to investigate, it is not yet known how diet may be linked to these cases. The organisation recently published a list of the pet food brands that are most often associated with DCM. Brands including Champion Petfoods, however, insist there is no causative scientific link.

BVA’s junior vice-president Daniella Dos Santos said the BVA is following the investigation “with interest”.

She added: “As the FDA has stated, this is a complex scientific issue that may involve multiple factors, though the overarching link appears to be grain-free diets.

“We always welcome pet owners taking an interest in the sourcing and ingredients of their pet’s food, but there is currently insufficient evidence to substantiate any of the beneficial health claims of a grain-free diet. So whilst investigations continue into its potential link with a serious heart condition, we would recommend caution in choosing a grain-free diet for your pet.

“We’d encourage pet owners to talk to their vet for advice on a healthy, nutritionally-balanced diet that is tailored to the animal’s life stage, breed, specific health needs and lifestyle." 

The Pet Food Manufactuers Association in the UK commented: 'At this time, there is no information to suggest a similar issue in the UK/Europe. In terms of advice for pet owners, it is important that owners provide a complete and balanced diet for their pet. 

'Owners should always look for the term "complete" on the pet food label. This is a legal term that means the product must by law provide all the nutrients a pet needs for healthy bodily function.
'


Become a member or log in to add this story to your CPD history

Pair of endangered Amur leopard cubs born at Colchester Zoo

News Story 1
 Keepers at Colchester Zoo are hailing the arrival of a pair of critically endangered Amur leopard cubs.

The cubs were born to first-time parents Esra and Crispin on the 9 September. This is the first time the Zoo has bred Amur leopard cubs on-site.

Amur leopards originate from the Russian Far East and north-east China. In the wild they are threatened by climate change, habitat loss, deforestation and the illegal wildlife trade.

The cubs are said to be “looking well” and are expected to emerge from their den in a few weeks.  

Click here for more...
News Shorts
BEVA survey seeks views about antibiotic use in horses

Equine vets are being invited to participate in a BEVA survey that aims to find out more about antimicrobial resistance in equine veterinary practice.

Designed by researchers at the University of Liverpool and incoming BEVA president Tim Mair, the survey aims to fill gaps in knowledge about how antimicrobials are being used in equine practice and the landscape of resistant infections encountered in equine practice.

Researchers hope the results will lead to a greater understanding of the role of antimicrobial treatment and antimicrobial resistance in horses and protect antibiotics for the future of equine and human health.