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Endangered shark species sold in UK chip shops, study finds
Fishing for spiny dogfish is banned under EU rules in most circumstances.
Researchers call for better seafood labelling  

Scientists have found endangered species of hammerhead, dogfish and other sharks on sale for consumption in the UK.

DNA barcoding was used to look at 78 shark samples from chip shops, 39 from fishmongers, 10 fins from a wholesaler and 30 fins seized by UK Border Force as they travelled from Mozambique to Asia.

The majority of chip shop samples were found to be spiny dogfish, which is endangered in Europe and vulnerable worldwide. Products were being sold under generic names such as huss, rock salmon and rock eel.

Fin samples included scalloped hammerheads, which are endangered globally and subject to international trade restrictions. The fins from the UK wholesaler also included other threatened sharks such as shortfin mako and smalleye hammerheads.

Other species found on sale in fishmongers and chip shops included starry smooth-hounds, nurse hounds and blue sharks.

Fishing for spiny dogfish is banned under EU rules in most circumstances. Whilst researchers said these samples could have been sourced from more sustainable stocks elsewhere, the findings highlight the problems of labelling shark meat with ‘umbrella’ terms that cover multiple species.

First author Catherine Hobbs, from the University of Exeter, said: “It’s almost impossible for consumers to know what they are buying. People might think they’re getting a sustainably sourced product when they’re actually buying a threatened species.

“There are also health issues. Knowing what species you are buying could be important in terms of allergies, toxins, mercury content and the growing concern over microplastics in the marine food chain.”

Researchers are calling for more accurate food labelling so people can make informed choices about what shark species they eat. The research has been published in Scientific Reports.

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Public urged to provide homes for swifts

News Story 1
 The RSPB is calling on the public to help provide new homes for swifts, as figures show the birds' numbers have fallen to less than half what they were 20 years ago.

Swifts arrive in the UK late April-May and can spend up to three months in the country. The RSPB attributes the birds’ decline to modern buildings, which lack the nooks and crannies they need to build nests.

While some house builders have agreed to integrate swift homes into new buildings, the RSPB believes more can be done to help this incredible bird. 'Just, 1,000 additional new nest boxes could make a difference’, the charity said.  

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News Shorts
Detection time for omeprazole reduced to 48 hours in racehorses

The British Horseracing Authority (BHA) has announced that the detection time for omeprazole has been reduced from 72 hours to 48 hours. This is effective from 1 February 2019.

Omeprazole can be prescribed for the management of gastric ulcers in racehorses; however, studies have recently become available that show no direct effect of omeprazole on performance.

Tim Morris, the Authority’s Director of Equine Science and Welfare, commented: “Medication control in horse racing is essential to allow treatment for good welfare but also to ensure fair racing by medication withdrawal before racing. Trainers have asked for more information, especially on anti-ulcer medications, and we have used existing information to make a harmonised detection time for omeprazole available as soon as we could.”