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Defra clarifies position on pig tail docking
"Pig farmers need to demonstrate at inspections that tail docking has been used as a last resort..."
Producers increasingly penalised for the practice - NPA 

Defra’s position on tail docking has been clarified, after an increasing number of pig producers are being penalised for the practice.

Routine tail docking is not permitted under EU law and may only be carried out when there is evidence of tail biting and all other measures to prevent this have been attempted.

At a recent National Pig Association (NPA) meeting, attendees heard about the case of a producer in the south west, who was handed a five per cent reduction to his BPS payment for tail docking. NPA said it understands court proceedings have been threatened in some cases.

Duncan Berkshire, president of the Pig Veterinary Society (PVS), explained: “This is about routine tail docking without all measures possible to prevent tail-biting being evident in the pens, including the provision of manipulable materials.”

Asked to clarify its position, a Defra spokesperson said: “Routine tail docking is not permitted by law. Pig farmers need to demonstrate at inspections that tail docking has been used as a last resort after taking the necessary steps, as described in the current welfare codes, to reduce the risks of tail biting. This includes actions to improve the pigs’ environment and their management.”

One of the concerns, according to Mr Berkshire, is that inspectors appear to have different interpretations of how producers are addressing the issue, with some regional variation reported.

The NPA said it is working actively to address the situation, collaborating with other parties to bring greater clarity to producers.

NPA chief executive Zoe Davies said: “We advise producers to do all they can to assess what would need to be done before they could stop tail docking, and to record any evidence. But we need to work more closely with Government to manage the transition more carefully and sensibly.

“Our concern is that producers will be panicked into not tail docking when previously there was no tail biting problem and create a much worse situation.”

NPA has set up a tail docking working group comprised of government, industry and academia to develop a joint approach to reduce tail docking.

Defra also consulted on a new statutory pig welfare code, which would provide more detailed information on the different factors causing tail biting, and advice on how to prevent it without docking tails. It is currently analysing the responses.


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Amur leopard cubs caught on camera

News Story 1
 A pair of Amur leopards have been captured on camera for the first time since their birth. The Royal Zoological Society of Scotland announced the birth in July, but with human presence being kept to a minimum, it was not known how many cubs had been born.

Motion sensitive cameras have now revealed that two cubs emerged from the den - at least one of which may be released into the wild in Russia within the next two or three years. The Amur leopard habitat is not open to the public, to help ensure the cubs retain their wild instincts and behaviour. Image © RZSS 

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New canine and feline dentistry manual announced

A new canine and feline dentistry and oral surgery manual has been published by the BSAVA. Announcing the news on its website, the BSAVA said this latest edition contains new step-by-step operative techniques, together with full-colour illustrations and photographs.

‘This is a timely publication; veterinary dentistry is a field that continues to grow in importance for the general veterinary practitioner,’ the BSAVA said. ‘The manual has been fully revised and updated to include the most relevant, evidence-based techniques.’

The BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Dentistry and Oral Surgery, 4th edition is available to purchase from