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Vets and doctors treat dog’s rare brain malformation
An MRI after four months showed the embolisation was intact and Crash’s condition was improving.

German shepherd suffered intracranial arteriovenous malformation

US vets have teamed up with human doctors to treat a type of brain malformation that is rarely seen in dogs.

Six-year-old German shepherd Crash had been suffering from lethargy, headache signs and disorientation. An MRI scan revealed he had an intracranial arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in his brain and behind his eyes.

AVMs are very uncommon in veterinary medicine and a brain AVM is rarer still.

Dr Bill Culp, from UC Davis veterinary hospital in California, said: “Because this condition occurs in human patients relatively more commonly, I was hopeful that we would be able to collaborate with physicians at UC Davis Health in order to treat Crash as successfully as possible.”

Crash’s arteries and veins were connecting abnormally in his head, meaning the blood came in through the artery and out through the vein too quickly, bypassing brain tissue and causing swelling.

Dr Culp worked with veterinary neurosurgeon Beverly Sturges and physicians Dr Brian Dahlin, who regularly treats AVMs in humans, and Dr Paul Dong. Together, the team performed an embolisation, which delivers a product to ‘clot’ or close the blood vessels in Crash’s AVM, and redirect the blood flow.

After a short recovery time in the ICU, Crash was able to go home. An MRI after four months showed the embolisation was intact and Crash’s condition was improving. He is no longer showing signs of headaches and the pressure on his eye sockets is gone.

Image courtesy of UC Davis

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Amur leopard cubs caught on camera

News Story 1
 A pair of Amur leopards have been captured on camera for the first time since their birth. The Royal Zoological Society of Scotland announced the birth in July, but with human presence being kept to a minimum, it was not known how many cubs had been born.

Motion sensitive cameras have now revealed that two cubs emerged from the den - at least one of which may be released into the wild in Russia within the next two or three years. The Amur leopard habitat is not open to the public, to help ensure the cubs retain their wild instincts and behaviour. Image © RZSS 

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News Shorts
New canine and feline dentistry manual announced

A new canine and feline dentistry and oral surgery manual has been published by the BSAVA. Announcing the news on its website, the BSAVA said this latest edition contains new step-by-step operative techniques, together with full-colour illustrations and photographs.

‘This is a timely publication; veterinary dentistry is a field that continues to grow in importance for the general veterinary practitioner,’ the BSAVA said. ‘The manual has been fully revised and updated to include the most relevant, evidence-based techniques.’

The BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Dentistry and Oral Surgery, 4th edition is available to purchase from www.bsava.com/shop